Essex Biodiversity Project
Gardens and Biodiversity
The gardens of Essex can help to safeguard biodiversity by acting as nature reserves. There are estimated to be 15 million gardens in the UK, covering about 270,000 hectares – a vast area of land and potentially of enormous value to biodiversity. Recent surveys of birds and butterflies show that gardens are now more important to them than the open countryside.
Together all these gardens, small and large, form a patchwork of habitats for wildlife. You can contribute to a Living Landscape by preserving biodiversity in your garden with a few small changes, such as encouraging bees and butterflies with attractive nectar-rich flowers to provide a food source, or by putting in a wildlife-friendly pond. In the Winter feed the birds in your garden.
For other ideas see the Wildlife Trusts website for "Wildlife Gardening", and Natural England advice about "Wildlife Gardening" with links to a range of leaflets.
The Royal Horticultural Society provide a wealth of advice on how to make your garden attractive for wildlife on their "Wildlife in Gardens" page